Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is in three different countries: Botswana, South Africa and Namibia. The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in southern Africa stretching 900,000 square kilometers, covering most of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa. A semi-arid desert, with huge tracts of excellent grazing after good rains, the Kalahari supports more animals and plants than a normal desert, such as the Namib Desert to the West.

There are small amounts of rainfall and the summer temperature is very high. The average temerature is 18 degrees Celsius, but it can reach 45 degrees Celsius. The driest areas usally receive 110-200 millimeters of rain per year, and the wettest just a little over 500 millimeters. The surrounding Kalahari Basin covers over 2,500,000 square kilometers extending farther into Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and encroaching into parts of Angola, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The Kalahari is home to many migratory birds and animals. Previously, havens for wild animals from elephants to giraffes, and for preadators such as lions and cheetahs, the riverbeds are now mostly grazing spots, though leopods and cheetahs can still be found. The area is now heavily grazed and cattle fences restrict the movement of wildlife.

By Evan Y6b.