Leonardo Da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci, Italy. “Da” in English means “of”. In English his name is Leonardo Of Vinci. He died at Clos Luce, France, on May 2, 1519. Leonardo was 67 when he died which is old for the time which he lived. Leonardo was a Roman Catholic and his cause of death is still unknown. His father was Ser Piero da Vinci a public notary.
His mother was Caterina a peasant girl. Leonardo was buried in the Monastery of St. Florentine, Amboise, France.
As a scientist, he greatly advanced the state of knowledge in the fields of anatomy,civil engineering, optics and hydrodynamics. Leonardo’s giant crossbow is a type of firing weapon designed by Leonardo. It was never constructed by Leonardo, but built to a scale of 1:1 as shown on the “Discovery Channel”. It was around about 13.5m long. It had two different firing mechanisms – the simplest of which involved releasing a holding pin by hitting it with a hammer. Leonardo’s investgations of the heart and circulation began in the 1940s; this anatomical depiction was produced around 1510 when he was based in Milan. Many of Leonardo’s heart drawings were made from studies of the organs of cattle and pigs. It was only later in his life that he had access to human organs. He is also one of the famous artists in the world! He painted the ‘Mona Lisa’.